A personal wiki is wiki software that allows individual users to organize information on their desktop or mobile computing devices in a manner similar to community wikis, but without collaborative software or multiple users.
Personal wiki software can be broadly divided into two categories:
- Multi-user applications with personal editions (such as MoinMoin or TWiki), installed for standalone use and inaccessible to outside users, which may require additional software such as a web server, database management system and/or WAMP/LAMP bundle
- Applications designed for single users, not dependent on a database engine or web server
Some personal wikis are public, but password-protected, and run on dedicated web servers or are hosted by third parties.
Multi-user wiki software
Multi-user wiki applications with personal editions include:
- MoinMoin desktop edition (written in Python)
- TWiki for Windows Personal and Certified TWiki (both written in Perl)
- DokuWiki on a Stick (written in PHP), which utilizes plain text files (and thus does not need a database) and a syntax similar to MediaWiki
Single-user wiki software
There are also wiki applications designed for personal use, apps for mobile use, and apps for use from USB flash drives. They often include more features than traditional wikis, including:
- Dynamic tree views of the wiki
- Drag-and-drop support for images, text and video, mathematics
- Use of OLE or Linkback to allow wikis to act as relational superstructures for multiple desktop-type documents
- Multimedia embedding, with links to internal aspects of movies, soundtracks, notes and comments
- Macros and macro scripting
Notable examples include:
- ConnectedText, a commercial Windows-based personal wiki system that includes full-text searches, a visual link tree, a customizable interface, image and file control, CSS-based page display, HTML and HTML Help exporting, and plug-ins
- Gnote, a port of Tomboy to C++ (although not all plug-ins have been ported)
- org-mode, an Emacs mode that can create documents that are interlinked, converted to HTML, and automatically uploaded to a web server
- Tomboy, a (LGPL) free software wiki-style note-taking program that allows easy organisation of any hierarchical data, hosted on GNOME CVS
- Vim, which can be used as a personal wiki via plugins such as Vimwiki
- WikidPad, a free, open-source standalone wiki notebook/outliner with such features as dynamic tree generation, topic tagging, auto-completion, full-text searches, visual link tree, customizable interface, and image and file control
- Zim, a free, open-source standalone wiki based on Python and GTK, with a WYSIWYG editor
- Trapani, Gina, Geek to Live: How to host a personal wiki on your home computer, lifehacker.com, 2005-9-16. Accessed 2012-4-17.
- Zukerman, Erez, Editorial Review of MoinMoin, PCWorld, pcworld.com, 2012-3-23. Accessed 2012-4-17.
- WikiMatrix search for personal wiki software, wikimatrix.org. Accessed 2012-4-17.
- Personal wiki Apps – Android, androidzoom.com. Accessed 2012-4-17.
- Run Your Personal Wikipedia from a USB Stick, lifehacker.com. Accessed 2012-4-17.
- What is ConnectedText?, ConnectedText – The Personal Wiki System, connectedtext.com. Accessed 2012-4-17.
- Brockmeier, Joe, Weekend Project: Set Up a Personal Wiki on Linux with TiddlyWiki, Linux.com, 2011-3-4. Accessed 2012-4-17.
- List of Vim Plugins tagged ‘wiki’, Vim Awesome, 2017-02-01. Accessed 2017-02-01.
- Zukerman, Erez, Editorial Review of Zim, PCWorld, pcworld.com, 2012-3-12. Accessed 2012-4-17.